Risk factors for macular degeneration include smoking, age, diet, and UV exposure. The disease presents itself in one of two ways: Dry- this is a slow, progressive version of the condition. Unfortunately, at present there is no treatment options available to manage the affects of this version, only management of the existing condition alongside an attempt to control progression. Wet- this is a sudden deterioration in the macula region that is severe and sight threatening. The affects of this version, in particular the rapid visual disturbance can be moderated provided treatment is administered immediately.